Protocols to the Tehran Convention

The development of four ancillary Protocols to the Tehran Convention, namely the Protocol on Conservation of Biological Diversity, the Protocol for the Protection of the Caspian Sea against Pollution from Land based Sources and Activities, the Protocol Concerning Regional Preparedness, Response and Cooperation in Combating Oil Pollution Incidents, and the Protocol on Environment Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context, has been assigned priority by the Contracting Parties to the Tehran Convention.

The Protocol Concerning Regional Preparedness, Response and Co-operation in Combating Oil Pollution Incidents ("Aktau Protocol") was adopted and signed at the third Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP3) in Aktau, Kazakhstan on August 12, 2011.

The Republic of Azerbaijan, I.R. of Iran, Turkmenistan and Russian Federation already ratified the Aktau Protocol.

To view the Protocol text of the Aktau Protocol, please follow the link below:

English and Russian.

The Protocol for the Protection of the Caspian Sea against Pollution from Land-based Sources and Activities ("Moscow Protocol") was adopted and signed at the fourth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP4) in Moscow, Russian Federation on December 12, 2012.

The Republic of Azerbaijan has acceded to the Moscow Protocol on 25 February 2014. The Islamic Republic of Iran ratified the Moscow Protocol on 12 May 2014.

To view the Protocol text of the Moscow Protocol, please follow the link below:

English and Russian.

The Protocol for the Conservation of Biological Diversity ("Ashgabat Protocol") was adopted and signed at the fifth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP5) in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, on 30 May 2014.

To view the Protocol text of the Ashgabat Protocol, please follow the link below:

English and Russian.

 [1]

[1] The draft text of the Protocol

  • on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context can be found here.

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