Status of ratification

The Framework Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Caspian Sea was signed by the five Caspian littoral States in November 2003 and entered into force on August 12th 2006.

At the 1st Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP1) the littoral States decided to declare the 12th of August the "Caspian Day" marking the importance of the Tehran Convention as the overarching legal instrument for environmental protection in the Caspian Sea region. By now Caspian Day is publicly celebrated annually in each Caspian country with special events at the occasion.

The Protocol Concerning Regional Preparedness, Response and Co-operation in Combating Oil Pollution Incidents ("Aktau Protocol")

Status Azerbaijan I.R. of Iran Kazakhstan Russian Federation Turkmenistan
Signed 12/08/2011 12/08/2011 12/08/2011 12/08/2011 03/11/2011
Ratified 21/12/2012 15/08/2012 (p) 25/06/2013 22/12/2012

The Protocol for the Protection of the Caspian Sea against Pollution from Land-based Sources and Activities ("Moscow Protocol")

Status Azerbaijan I.R. of Iran Kazakhstan Russian Federation Turkmenistan
Signed x 12/12/2012 05/05/2013 02/05/2013 12/12/2012
Ratified 25/02/2014 (a) 12/05/2014 (p) (p) 23/05/2015

The Protocol for the Conservation of Biological Diversity ("Ashgabat Protocol")

Status Azerbaijan I.R. of Iran Kazakhstan Russian Federation Turkmenistan
Signed 30/05/2014 22/02/2015 30/05/2014
Ratified 23/05/2015

Legend:
(a): accession
(p): pending


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