Status of ratification

The Framework Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Caspian Sea was signed by the five Caspian littoral States in November 2003 and entered into force on August 12th 2006.

In honor of this important milestone in the pursue of the protection of the Caspian Sea, the Government of I.R. of Iran organized a ceremony with Caspian ambassadors and representatives from the Ministries of Environment to celebrate the entering into force of the Tehran Convention.

Its entry into force has opened the way for a first Ministerial meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP I), which was eventually held in Baku, Azerbaijan on May 23-25 2007.

During COP I the littoral States decided to declare 12 August as the regional Caspian Day marking the importance of the Tehran Convention as the overarching legal instrument for environmental protection in the Caspian region.

The Protocol Concerning Regional Preparedness, Response and Co-operation in Combating Oil Pollution Incidents ("Aktau Protocol")

Status Azerbaijan I.R. of Iran Kazakhstan Russian Federation Turkmenistan
Signed 12/08/2011 12/08/2011 12/08/2011 12/08/2011 03/11/2011
Ratified 21/12/2012 15/08/2012 (p) 25/06/2013 22/12/2012

The Protocol for the Protection of the Caspian Sea against Pollution from Land-based Sources and Activities ("Moscow Protocol")

Status Azerbaijan I.R. of Iran Kazakhstan Russian Federation Turkmenistan
Signed x 12/12/2012 05/05/2013 02/05/2013 12/12/2012
Ratified 25/02/2014 (a) 12/05/2014 (p) (p) (p)

The Protocol for the Conservation of Biological Diversity ("Ashgabat Protocol")

Status Azerbaijan I.R. of Iran Kazakhstan Russian Federation Turkmenistan
Signed 30/05/2014 22/02/2015
Ratified

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